Google analytics can give you a lot of information about your web site and if you are a beginner you can easily get lost in the reports.
My goal with this post is to explain and demonstrate the 7 best reports to help beginners understand some basic information about their web site.
These are the absolute essentials for any webmaster looking to answer the 4 w’s (‘what’, ‘when’, ‘where’ and ‘who’).
Google Analytics Basic Reports
- How many visits do I get per day and from where?
- How many users are visiting from Desktop / Mobile / Tablet?
- Which are the most popular pages of my site?
- Which pages do people see first (landing pages) when they visit my site?
- How many people are viewing my web site right now?
- What buttons do users click as they browse my web site?
- What time of the day I receive the most visits?
1. How many visits do I get per day and from where?
This is a report I run on a daily basis. You can view this report by selecting ACQUISITION > All Traffic > Source / Medium
What this report shows is the number of visits and their origin for the selected period.
You can see how many visits are coming from search (i.e. organic), how many visits are direct etc.
On the top bar (below the graph) you can also see, among other things:
- Pages / Session: the pages per visit, i.e. how many pages on average your readers are viewing before they leave your web site – the greater the number the better
- Avg. Session Duration: How long (on average) your visitors stay on the site – the greater the number the better
- New Users: The number of first time visits (for the selected date range)
- Bounce rate: Bounce rate is the percentage of people who left your web site without viewing other pages within your site. – the lower the number the better.
2. How many users are visiting from Desktop / Mobile / Tablet?
A very useful report is the Mobile Overview. It shows you how many users are visiting your website from a desktop computer, a mobile phone or a tablet.
You can access this report by selecting AUDIENCE > Mobile > Overview.
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3. Which are the most popular pages of my site?
To find out which are the most popular pages of your site navigate to BEHAVIOR > Site Content > All Pages.
You may find out a number of surprises like that your most popular page is not your home page or which of your site’s categories are more visited etc.
4. Which pages do people see first (landing pages) when they visit my site?
The landing pages report shows which pages are first seen when people visit the web site. You can combine this report with Source / Medium (select Source / Medium from secondary dimension dropdown) and get an accurate picture on which pages are first visited from each traffic source.
To view this report select BEHAVIOR > Site Content > Landing Pages
Remember that you can always use different combinations using the secondary dimension feature and see a whole new set of reports.
5. How many people are viewing my web site right now?
This is a very useful report that shows in real-time the number of visits. You can find this report by selecting REAL TIME > Overview.
6. What buttons do users click as they browse my web site?
Besides the different reports, another very nice feature of Google Analytics is In-Page Analytics. With In-Page Analytics you can see which buttons / links / areas of a page get clicked.
This is good to know for many obvious reasons and can really help you analyse and optimize your web site. Maybe you should move some content above the fold or see what your readers prefer more (text or images) and many other useful information.
To view your in-page analytics data you first need to install the official Page Analytics Chrome Extension.
Once installed, navigate to a page you want to view in-page analytics and click the Analytics icon in your chrome browser. You should see a screen similar to the one shown below. Move your mouse over the different metrics to get more information.
Note: In order to view Google Analytics data in your browser you have to be logged in to Google with an account that has manager role for that website in Google Analytics.
7. What time of the day I receive the most visits?
By default, Google Analytics shows you statistics by Day and on the main panel you have the option to select by Week or Month.
A useful report, especially if you are selling products or services on your website is to analyze the data by time of day.
Knowing what time of the day you receive the most traffic, it can help you make better decisions as to what time to publish your new posts or even adjust your Adwords campaigns and increase the bids during those hours.
Create a Custom Report
There are two ways to do this. First, you can create a new custom report. It’s sounds difficult but it’s not, just follow the simple steps below.
From the left menu, select CUSTOMIZATION > Custom Reports > New Custom Report.
To view this report again once it’s saved, go to CUSTOMIZATION > Custom Reports and click on the Hour of Day report.
To make this report easier to read, click on the PERFORMANCE icon from the top bar and sort the report by hour (by clicking on the word hour, twice).
Please note that the report is using the 24hour format.
Add Hour as a secondary dimension
Another option is to use the secondary dimension and select hour from the drop down menu. You can add hour as a secondary dimension to almost any report you create.
Google Analytics has a number of reports that cover everything that is happening on your website. If you are starting out now the best approach is to familiarize yourself with the basic reports outlined above. These reports will give you enough data to analyze to understand how much traffic you get to your website and from where.
As you become more experienced, you can start using segments and advanced filters to drill down and learn how to use Google analytics to boost your SEO.